CMV-independent increase in CD27−CD28+ CD8+ EMRA T cells is inversely related to mortality in octogenarians
Zglinicki, Thomas von
npj Aging and Mechanisms of Disease
Nature Publishing Group UK
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Martin-Ruiz, C., Hoffmann, J., Shmeleva, E., Zglinicki, T. v., Richardson, G., Draganova, L., Redgrave, R., et al. (2020). CMV-independent increase in CD27−CD28+ CD8+ EMRA T cells is inversely related to mortality in octogenarians. npj Aging and Mechanisms of Disease, 6 (1) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41514-019-0041-y
Funder: The author is supported by the British Heart Foundation
Funder: British Heart Foundation PG/15/85/31744 and PG/18/25/33587, Newcastle Healthcare Charity, Medical Research Council (G0500997 to TK, CJ and TvZ, G0601333 to TvZ) and the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre in Ageing and Chronic Disease.
Funder: BK holds a British Heart Foundation personal chair.
Abstract: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) seropositivity in adults has been linked to increased cardiovascular disease burden. Phenotypically, CMV infection leads to an inflated CD8 T-lymphocyte compartment. We employed a 8-colour flow cytometric protocol to analyse circulating T cells in 597 octogenarians from the same birth cohort together with NT-proBNP measurements and followed all participants over 7 years. We found that, independent of CMV serostatus, a high number of CD27−CD28+ CD8 EMRA T-lymphocytes (TEMRA) protected from all-cause death after adjusting for known risk factors, such as heart failure, frailty or cancer (Hazard ratio 0.66 for highest vs lowest tertile; confidence interval 0.51–0.86). In addition, CD27−CD28+ CD8 EMRA T-lymphocytes protected from both, non-cardiovascular (hazard ratio 0.59) and cardiovascular death (hazard ratio 0.65). In aged mice treated with the senolytic navitoclax, in which we have previously shown a rejuvenated cardiac phenotype, CD8 effector memory cells are decreased, further indicating that alterations in T cell subpopulations are associated with cardiovascular ageing. Future studies are required to show whether targeting immunosenescence will lead to enhanced life- or healthspan.
Brief Communication, /692/53, /631/80/509, brief-communication
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41514-019-0041-y
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/317553
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/