A Fanonian theory of rupture: from Algerian decolonization to student movements in South Africa and Brazil
Platzky Miller, Josh
Une théorie fanonienne de rupture : de la décolonisation algérienne aux mouvements étudiants en Afrique du Sud et au Brésil
Critical African Studies
Taylor & Francis
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Platzky Miller, J. (2021). A Fanonian theory of rupture: from Algerian decolonization to student movements in South Africa and Brazil. Critical African Studies https://doi.org/10.1080/21681392.2021.1884106
This paper offers an approach to understanding dramatic social change, entwined with belief revision and shifting knowledge. It explores the interplay between rapidly changing material and ideological conditions through the concept of a rupture. Ruptures are breakdowns in existing social and epistemic practices and relations: periods which call into question what is normalized, such that something else can grow through the cracks. Ruptures do not guarantee any particular replacement, but rather facilitate the emergence of new practices and understandings of the world. Ruptures thus create conditions of possibility for people to explore new social relations and ideas. To develop this idea, this paper draws on Franz Fanon’s writings on the Algerian anti-colonial revolution (1954–1962), as a paradigmatic rupture, as well as two smaller-scale ruptures: the student-worker movements over 2015–2016 in South Africa (#FeesMustFall) and Brazil (the primavera secundarista). In their respective contexts, each movement has substantively challenged prevailing practices and understandings that had been hegemonic.
Fieldwork funding provided by the Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge, to complete fieldwork in Brazil and South Africa.
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21681392.2021.1884106
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/317835
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