Higher-order and fractional discrete time crystals in clean long-range interacting systems
Nature Publishing Group UK
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Pizzi, A., Knolle, J., & Nunnenkamp, A. (2021). Higher-order and fractional discrete time crystals in clean long-range interacting systems. Nature Communications, 12 (1)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22583-5
Abstract: Discrete time crystals are periodically driven systems characterized by a response with periodicity nT, with T the period of the drive and n > 1. Typically, n is an integer and bounded from above by the dimension of the local (or single particle) Hilbert space, the most prominent example being spin-1/2 systems with n restricted to 2. Here, we show that a clean spin-1/2 system in the presence of long-range interactions and transverse field can sustain a huge variety of different ‘higher-order’ discrete time crystals with integer and, surprisingly, even fractional n > 2. We characterize these (arguably prethermal) non-equilibrium phases of matter thoroughly using a combination of exact diagonalization, semiclassical methods, and spin-wave approximations, which enable us to establish their stability in the presence of competing long- and short-range interactions. Remarkably, these phases emerge in a model with continous driving and time-independent interactions, convenient for experimental implementations with ultracold atoms or trapped ions.
Article, /639/766/119/2795, /639/766/483/1139, article
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22583-5
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/321344