Tetrafluoroborate-Induced Reduction in Defect Density in Hybrid Perovskites through Halide Management
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Nagane, S., Hope, m., Kubicki, D., Li, w., Verma, S., Ferrer Orri, J., Chiang, Y., et al. (2021). Tetrafluoroborate-Induced Reduction in Defect Density in Hybrid Perovskites through Halide Management. Advanced Materials, 33 (32)https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202102462
Hybrid perovskite-based optoelectronic devices are demonstrating unprecedented growth in performance, and defect passivation approaches are highly promising routes to further improve properties. Here, the effect of the molecular ion BF4-, introduced via methylammonium tetrafluoroborate (MABF4) in a surface treatment for MAPbI3 perovskite is reported. The optical spectroscopic characterisations shows that the introduction of tetrafluoroborate leads to reduced non-radiative charge carrier recombination with a reduction in first order recombination rate from 6.5 × 106 to 2.5 × 105 s-1 in BF4--treated samples, and a consequent increase in photoluminescence quantum yield by an order of magnitude (from 0.5% to 10.4%). 19F, 11B and 14N solid-state NMR is used to elucidate the atomic-level mechanism of the BF4- additive-induced improvements, revealing that the BF4- acts as a scavenger of excess MAI by forming MAI–MABF4 cocrystals. This shifts the equilibrium of iodide concentration in the perovskite phase is presumably due to the formation of MAI-MABF4 cocrystal, thereby reducing the concentration of interstitial iodide defects that act as deep traps and non-radiative recombination centers. These collective results allow us, for the first time, to elucidate the microscopic mechanism of action of BF4-.
S.N. would like to acknowledge Royal Society-SERB Newton International Fellowship for funding. S.D.S. acknowledges the Royal Society and Tata Group (UF150033) and the EPSRC (EP/R023980/1). This work has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 841136. M.A.H. acknowledges support from the Royal Society (RP/R1/180147). S.M. thanks the EPRSC for funding. J.L.M-D. and W.-W. L. thank the UK Royal Academy of Engineering, grant CiET1819_24, EPSRC grants EP/N004272/1, EP/P007767/1, the Winton Programme for the Physics of Sustainability, and Bill Welland.
Royal Society (UF150033)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) ERC (756962)
Royal Society (NIF\R1\181365)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Marie Sk?odowska-Curie actions (841136)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202102462
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/322436
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY)
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/