Exploring the perceptual inabilities of Eurasian jays (Garrulus glandarius) using magic effects.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
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Garcia-Pelegrin, E., Schnell, A., Wilkins, C., & Clayton, N. (2021). Exploring the perceptual inabilities of Eurasian jays (Garrulus glandarius) using magic effects.. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 118 (24) https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2026106118
In recent years, scientists have begun to use magic effects to investigate the blind spots in our attention and perception [G. Kuhn, Experiencing the Impossible: The Science of Magic (2019); S. Macknik, S. Martinez-Conde, S. Blakeslee, Sleights of Mind: What the Neuroscience of Magic Reveals about Our Everyday Deceptions (2010)]. Recently, we suggested that similar techniques could be transferred to nonhuman animal observers and that such an endeavor would provide insight into the inherent commonalities and discrepancies in attention and perception in human and nonhuman animals [E. Garcia-Pelegrin, A. K. Schnell, C. Wilkins, N. S. Clayton, Science 369, 1424-1426 (2020)]. Here, we performed three different magic effects (palming, French drop, and fast pass) to a sample of six Eurasian jays (Garrulus glandarius). These magic effects were specifically chosen as they utilize different cues and expectations that mislead the spectator into thinking one object has or has not been transferred from one hand to the other. Results from palming and French drop experiments suggest that Eurasian jays have different expectations from humans when observing some of these effects. Specifically, Eurasian jays were not deceived by effects that required them to expect an object to move between hands when observing human hand manipulations. However, similar to humans, Eurasian jays were misled by magic effects that utilize fast movements as a deceptive action. This study investigates how another taxon perceives the magician's techniques of deception that commonly deceive humans.
Royal Society (NIF/R1/180962)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2026106118
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/323094
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