Tetrafluoroborate‐Induced Reduction in Defect Density in Hybrid Perovskites through Halide Management
Kubicki, Dominik J.
MacManus‐Driscoll, Judith L.
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Nagane, S., Macpherson, S., Hope, M. A., Kubicki, D. J., Li, W., Verma, S. D., Ferrer Orri, J., et al. (2021). Tetrafluoroborate‐Induced Reduction in Defect Density in Hybrid Perovskites through Halide Management. Advanced Materials https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202102462
Funder: Royal Society‐SERB Newton International Fellowship
Funder: European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program
Abstract: Hybrid‐perovskite‐based optoelectronic devices are demonstrating unprecedented growth in performance, and defect passivation approaches are highly promising routes to further improve properties. Here, the effect of the molecular ion BF4−, introduced via methylammonium tetrafluoroborate (MABF4) in a surface treatment for MAPbI3 perovskite, is reported. Optical spectroscopy characterization shows that the introduction of tetrafluoroborate leads to reduced non‐radiative charge‐carrier recombination with a reduction in first‐order recombination rate from 6.5 × 106 to 2.5 × 105 s−1 in BF4−‐treated samples, and a consequent increase in photoluminescence quantum yield by an order of magnitude (from 0.5 to 10.4%). 19F, 11B, and 14N solid‐state NMR is used to elucidate the atomic‐level mechanism of the BF4− additive‐induced improvements, revealing that the BF4− acts as a scavenger of excess MAI by forming MAI–MABF4 cocrystals. This shifts the equilibrium of iodide concentration in the perovskite phase, thereby reducing the concentration of interstitial iodide defects that act as deep traps and non‐radiative recombination centers. These collective results allow us to elucidate the microscopic mechanism of action of BF4−.
Research Article, Research Articles, charge‐carrier recombination, defects, perovskite solar cells, photoluminescence, surface treatment, tetrafluoroborate
Royal Society and Tata Group (UF150033)
Marie Skłodowska‐Curie (841136)
Royal Society (RP/R1/180147)
UK Royal Academy of Engineering (CiET1819_24)
EPSRC (EP/N004272/1, EP/P007767/1)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/P007767/1)
H2020 Marie Skłodowska‐Curie Actions (841136)
European Research Council (756962)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202102462
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/324872