The pathogenesis of mesothelioma is driven by a dysregulated translatome.
Voorde, Johan Vande
Garland, Gavin D
Martin, Maria Guerra
Spriggs, Ruth V
MetadataShow full item record
Grosso, S., Marini, A., Gyuraszova, K., Voorde, J. V., Sfakianos, A., Garland, G. D., Tenor, A. R., et al. (2021). The pathogenesis of mesothelioma is driven by a dysregulated translatome.. Nature communications, 12 (1) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-25173-7
Funder: Department of Health
Malignant mesothelioma (MpM) is an aggressive, invariably fatal tumour that is causally linked with asbestos exposure. The disease primarily results from loss of tumour suppressor gene function and there are no 'druggable' driver oncogenes associated with MpM. To identify opportunities for management of this disease we have carried out polysome profiling to define the MpM translatome. We show that in MpM there is a selective increase in the translation of mRNAs encoding proteins required for ribosome assembly and mitochondrial biogenesis. This results in an enhanced rate of mRNA translation, abnormal mitochondrial morphology and oxygen consumption, and a reprogramming of metabolic outputs. These alterations delimit the cellular capacity for protein biosynthesis, accelerate growth and drive disease progression. Importantly, we show that inhibition of mRNA translation, particularly through combined pharmacological targeting of mTORC1 and 2, reverses these changes and inhibits malignant cell growth in vitro and in ex-vivo tumour tissue from patients with end-stage disease. Critically, we show that these pharmacological interventions prolong survival in animal models of asbestos-induced mesothelioma, providing the basis for a targeted, viable therapeutic option for patients with this incurable disease.
Tumor Cells, Cultured, Mitochondria, Polyribosomes, Animals, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Humans, Asbestos, Naphthyridines, RNA, Messenger, Protein Biosynthesis, Oncogenes, Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1, Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 2, Mesothelioma, Malignant
Medical Research Council (5TR019, 5TR00, MCA/600)
Cancer Research UK (A29252, A21139, A17196)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-25173-7
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/328039
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/