Intracellular Lipid Accumulation and Mitochondrial Dysfunction Accompanies Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Caused by Loss of the Co-chaperone DNAJC3.
Jennings, Matthew J
Nguyen, Chi DL
Front Cell Dev Biol
Frontiers Media SA
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Jennings, M. J., Hathazi, D., Nguyen, C. D., Munro, B., Münchberg, U., Ahrends, R., Schenck, A., et al. (2021). Intracellular Lipid Accumulation and Mitochondrial Dysfunction Accompanies Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Caused by Loss of the Co-chaperone DNAJC3.. Front Cell Dev Biol, 9 https://doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2021.710247
Recessive mutations in DNAJC3, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident BiP co-chaperone, have been identified in patients with multisystemic neurodegeneration and diabetes mellitus. To further unravel these pathomechanisms, we employed a non-biased proteomic approach and identified dysregulation of several key cellular pathways, suggesting a pathophysiological interplay of perturbed lipid metabolism, mitochondrial bioenergetics, ER-Golgi function, and amyloid-beta processing. Further functional investigations in fibroblasts of patients with DNAJC3 mutations detected cellular accumulation of lipids and an increased sensitivity to cholesterol stress, which led to activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR), alterations of the ER-Golgi machinery, and a defect of amyloid precursor protein. In line with the results of previous studies, we describe here alterations in mitochondrial morphology and function, as a major contributor to the DNAJC3 pathophysiology. Hence, we propose that the loss of DNAJC3 affects lipid/cholesterol homeostasis, leading to UPR activation, β-amyloid accumulation, and impairment of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation.
Cell and Developmental Biology, proteomics, cholesterol-stress, mitochondria, DNAJC3, unfolded protein response (UPR)
Medical Research Council (MR/N025431/2)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2021.710247
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/329661