A Brewster route to Cherenkov detectors.
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
MetadataShow full item record
Lin, X., Hu, H., Easo, S., Yang, Y., Shen, Y., Yin, K., Blago, M. P., et al. (2021). A Brewster route to Cherenkov detectors.. Nat Commun, 12 (1) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-25822-x
Cherenkov detectors enable a valuable tool to identify high-energy particles. However, their sensitivity and momentum coverage are limited by the refractive index of host materials. Especially, identifying particles with energy above multiple gigaelectronvolts requires host materials with a near-unity refractive index, which are limited to bulky gas chambers. Overcoming this fundamental material limit is important for future particle detectors yet remains a long-standing challenge. Here, we propose a different paradigm for Cherenkov detectors that utilizes the broadband angular filter made from stacks of variable one-dimensional photonic crystals. Owing to the Brewster effect, the angular filter is transparent only to Cherenkov photons from a precise incident angle. Particle identification is achieved by mapping each Cherenkov angle to the peak-intensity position of transmitted photons in the detection plane. Such angular filtering effect, although decreases the photon number collected in the detection plane, enables the realization of a non-dispersive pseudo refractive index over the entire visible spectrum. Moreover, the pseudo refractive index can be flexibly designed to different values close to unity. Our angular-selective Brewster paradigm offers a feasible solution to implement compact and highly sensitive Cherenkov detectors especially in beam lines with a small angular divergence using regular dielectrics.
European Research Council (851780)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-25822-x
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/329821
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/