Ischiofemoral impingement: the evolutionary cost of pelvic obstetric adaptation.
J Hip Preserv Surg
Oxford University Press (OUP)
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Audenaert, E., Duquesne, K., De Roeck, J., Mutsvangwa, T., Borotikar, B., Khanduja, V., & Claes, P. (2020). Ischiofemoral impingement: the evolutionary cost of pelvic obstetric adaptation.. J Hip Preserv Surg, 7 (4), 677-687. https://doi.org/10.1093/jhps/hnab004
Funder: Flemmish research foundation
The risk for ischiofemoral impingement has been mainly related to a reduced ischiofemoral distance and morphological variance of the femur. From an evolutionary perspective, however, there are strong arguments that the condition may also be related to sexual dimorphism of the pelvis. We, therefore, investigated the impact of gender-specific differences in anatomy of the ischiofemoral space on the ischiofemoral clearance, during static and dynamic conditions. A random sampling Monte-Carlo experiment was performed to investigate ischiofemoral clearance during stance and gait in a large (n = 40 000) virtual study population, while using gender-specific kinematics. Subsequently, a validated gender-specific geometric morphometric analysis of the hip was performed and correlations between overall hip morphology (statistical shape analysis) and standard discrete measures (conventional metric approach) with the ischiofemoral distance were evaluated. The available ischiofemoral space is indeed highly sexually dimorphic and related primarily to differences in the pelvic anatomy. The mean ischiofemoral distance was 22.2 ± 4.3 mm in the females and 29.1 ± 4.1 mm in the males and this difference was statistically significant (P < 0.001). Additionally, the ischiofemoral distance was observed to be a dynamic measure, and smallest during femoral extension, and this in turn explains the clinical sign of pain in extension during long stride walking. In conclusion, the presence of a reduced ischiofemroal distance and related risk to develop a clinical syndrome of ischiofemoral impingement is strongly dominated by evolutionary effects in sexual dimorphism of the pelvis. This should be considered when female patients present with posterior thigh/buttock pain, particularly if worsened by extension. Controlled laboratory study.
Research Program of the Fund for Scientific Research—Flanders (G078518N)
US National Institutes of Health (1-RO1-DE027023)
Research Fund KU Leuven (BOF-C1, C14/15/081)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jhps/hnab004
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/329822
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/