Structure-guided machine learning prediction of drug resistance mutations in Abelson 1 kinase.
Rodrigues, Carlos H M
Computational and structural biotechnology journal
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Zhou, Y., Portelli, S., Pat, M., Rodrigues, C. H. M., Nguyen, T., Pires, D. E. V., & Ascher, D. B. (2021). Structure-guided machine learning prediction of drug resistance mutations in Abelson 1 kinase.. Computational and structural biotechnology journal, 19 5381-5391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csbj.2021.09.016
Funder: State Government of Victoria
Kinases play crucial roles in cellular signalling and biological processes with their dysregulation associated with diseases, including cancers. Kinase inhibitors, most notably those targeting ABeLson 1 (ABL1) kinase in chronic myeloid leukemia, have had a significant impact on cancer survival, yet emergence of resistance mutations can reduce their effectiveness, leading to therapeutic failure. Limited effort, however, has been devoted to developing tools to accurately identify ABL1 resistance mutations, as well as providing insights into their molecular mechanisms. Here we investigated the structural basis of ABL1 mutations modulating binding affinity of eight FDA-approved drugs. We found mutations impair affinity of type I and type II inhibitors differently and used this insight to developed a novel web-based diagnostic tool, SUSPECT-ABL, to pre-emptively predict resistance profiles and binding free-energy changes (ΔΔ<i>G</i>) of all possible ABL1 mutations against inhibitors with different binding modes. Resistance mutations in ABL1 were successfully identified, achieving a Matthew's Correlation Coefficient of up to 0.73 and the resulting change in ligand binding affinity with a Pearson's correlation of up to 0.77, with performances consistent across non-redundant blind tests. Through an <i>in silico</i> saturation mutagenesis, our tool has identified possibly emerging resistance mutations, which offers opportunities for <i>in vivo</i> experimental validation. We believe SUSPECT-ABL will be an important tool not just for improving precision medicine efforts, but for facilitating the development of next-generation inhibitors that are less prone to resistance. We have made our tool freely available at http://biosig.unimelb.edu.au/suspect_abl/.
Drug resistance, Mutations, Graph-based Signatures, Structure-Guided Machine Learning, Abelson 1 Kinase
Wellcome Trust (200814/Z/16/Z)
Jack Brockhoff Foundation (JBF 4186)
National Health and Medical Research Council (GNT1174405)
Medical Research Council (MR/M026302/1)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csbj.2021.09.016
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/331084
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/