Epigenetics and tissue immunity-Translating environmental cues into functional adaptations.
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Tuong, K., Stewart, B. J., Guo, S. A., & Clatworthy, M. (2022). Epigenetics and tissue immunity-Translating environmental cues into functional adaptations.. Immunol Rev, 305 (1), 111-136. https://doi.org/10.1111/imr.13036
There is an increasing appreciation that many innate and adaptive immune cell subsets permanently reside within non-lymphoid organs, playing a critical role in tissue homeostasis and defense. The best characterized are macrophages and tissue-resident T lymphocytes that work in concert with organ structural cells to generate appropriate immune responses and are functionally shaped by organ-specific environmental cues. The interaction of tissue epithelial, endothelial and stromal cells is also required to attract, differentiate, polarize and maintain organ immune cells in their tissue niche. All of these processes require dynamic regulation of cellular transcriptional programmes, with epigenetic mechanisms playing a critical role, including DNA methylation and post-translational histone modifications. A failure to appropriately regulate immune cell transcription inevitably results in inadequate or inappropriate immune responses and organ pathology. Here, with a focus on the mammalian kidney, an organ which generates differing regional environmental cues (including hypersalinity and hypoxia) due to its physiological functions, we will review the basic concepts of tissue immunity, discuss the technologies available to profile epigenetic modifications in tissue immune cells, including those that enable single-cell profiling, and consider how these mechanisms influence the development, phenotype, activation and function of different tissue immune cell subsets, as well as the immunological function of structural cells.
INVITED REVIEW, INVITED REVIEWS, chromatin accessibility, DNA methylation, kidney, macrophage, tissue immunity
Medical Research Council (MR/S035842/1)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/imr.13036
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/333125