Paternal nutritional programming of lipid metabolism is propagated through sperm and seminal plasma.
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
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Furse, S., Watkins, A. J., Williams, H. E., Snowden, S. G., Chiarugi, D., & Koulman, A. (2022). Paternal nutritional programming of lipid metabolism is propagated through sperm and seminal plasma.. Metabolomics, 18 (2) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11306-022-01869-9
BACKGROUND: The paternal diet affects lipid metabolism in offspring for at least two generations through nutritional programming. However, we do not know how this is propagated to the offspring. OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that the changes in lipid metabolism that are driven by paternal diet are propagated through spermatozoa and not seminal plasma. METHODS: We applied an updated, purpose-built computational network analysis tool to characterise control of lipid metabolism systemically (Lipid Traffic Analysis v2.3) on a known mouse model of paternal nutritional programming. RESULTS: The analysis showed that the two possible routes for programming effects, the sperm (genes) and seminal plasma (influence on the uterine environment), both have a distinct effect on the offspring's lipid metabolism. Further, the programming effects in offspring suggest that changes in lipid distribution are more important than alterations in lipid biosynthesis. CONCLUSIONS: These results show how the uterine environment and genes both affect lipid metabolism in offspring, enhancing our understanding of the link between parental diet and metabolism in offspring.
lipid metabolism, Nutritional Programming, Lipid Traffic Analysis
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/M027252/2)
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/M027252/1)
Medical Research Council (MC_UU_12012/4)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11306-022-01869-9
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/334946
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/