Sodium Borates: Expanding the Electrolyte Selection for Sodium-Ion Batteries.
Ould, Darren MC
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl
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Ould, D. M., Menkin, S., Smith, H., Riesgo-Gonzalez, V., Jónsson, E., O'Keefe, C. A., Coowar, F., et al. (2022). Sodium Borates: Expanding the Electrolyte Selection for Sodium-Ion Batteries.. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202202133
Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are a promising grid-level storage technology due to the abundance and low cost of sodium. The development of new electrolytes for SIBs is imperative since it impacts battery life and capacity. Currently, sodium hexafluorophosphate (NaPF6 ) is used as the benchmark salt, but is highly hygroscopic and generates toxic HF. This work describes the synthesis of a series of sodium borate salts, with electrochemical studies revealing that Na[B(hfip)4 ]⋅DME (hfip=hexafluoroisopropyloxy, Oi PrF ) and Na[B(pp)2 ] (pp=perfluorinated pinacolato, O2 C2 (CF3 )4 ) have excellent electrochemical performance. The [B(pp)2 ]- anion also exhibits a high tolerance to air and water. Both electrolytes give more stable electrode-electrolyte interfaces than conventionally used NaPF6 , as demonstrated by impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. Furthermore, they give greater cycling stability and comparable capacity to NaPF6 for SIBs, as shown in commercial pouch cells.
Research Article, Research Articles, Batteries, Electrolytes, Main Group Synthesis, SEI, Sodium-Ion Batteries
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) ERC (835073)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202202133
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/336842