Deuterium metabolic imaging and hyperpolarized 13C-MRI of the normal human brain at clinical field strength reveals differential cerebral metabolism.
Khan, Alixander S
Schulte, Rolf F
Locke, Matthew J
Menih, Ines Horvat
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Kaggie, J., Khan, A. S., Matys, T., Schulte, R. F., Locke, M. J., Grimmer, A., Frary, A., et al. (2022). Deuterium metabolic imaging and hyperpolarized 13C-MRI of the normal human brain at clinical field strength reveals differential cerebral metabolism.. Neuroimage https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2022.119284
Deuterium metabolic imaging (DMI) and hyperpolarized 13C-pyruvate MRI (13C-HPMRI) are two emerging methods for non-invasive and non-ionizing imaging of tissue metabolism. Imaging cerebral metabolism has potential applications in cancer, neurodegeneration, multiple sclerosis, traumatic brain injury, stroke, and inborn errors of metabolism. Here we directly compare these two non-invasive methods at 3 T for the first time in humans and show how they simultaneously probe both oxidative and non-oxidative metabolism. DMI was undertaken 1-2 hours after oral administration of [6,6'-2H2]glucose, and 13C-MRI was performed immediately following intravenous injection of hyperpolarized [1-13C]pyruvate in ten and nine normal volunteers within each arm respectively. DMI was used to generate maps of deuterium-labelled water, glucose, lactate, and glutamate/glutamine (Glx) and the spectral separation demonstrated that DMI is feasible at 3 T. 13C-HPMRI generated maps of hyperpolarized carbon-13 labelled pyruvate, lactate, and bicarbonate. The ratio of 13C-lactate/13C-bicarbonate (mean 3.7 ± 1.2) acquired with 13C-HPMRI was higher than the equivalent 2H-lactate/2H-Glx ratio (mean 0.18 ± 0.09) acquired using DMI. These differences can be explained by the route of administering each probe, the timing of imaging after ingestion or injection, as well as the biological differences in cerebral uptake and cellular physiology between the two molecules. The results demonstrate these two metabolic imaging methods provide different yet complementary readouts of oxidative and reductive metabolism within a clinically feasible timescale. Furthermore, as DMI was undertaken at a clinical field strength within a ten-minute scan time, it demonstrates its potential as a routine clinical tool in the future.
Cancer Research Uk (None)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2022.119284
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/336951
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/