Characterisation of a novel OPA1 splice variant resulting in cryptic splice site activation and mitochondrial dysfunction.
Eur J Hum Genet
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
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Harvey, J. P., Yu Wai Man, P., & Cheetham, M. E. (2022). Characterisation of a novel OPA1 splice variant resulting in cryptic splice site activation and mitochondrial dysfunction.. Eur J Hum Genet, 30 (7), 848-855. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41431-022-01102-0
Funder: Moorfields Eye Charity GR001138
Autosomal dominant optic atrophy (DOA) is an inherited optic neuropathy that results in progressive, bilateral visual acuity loss and field defects. OPA1 is the causative gene in around 60% of cases of DOA. The majority of patients have a pure ocular phenotype, but 20% have extra-ocular features (DOA +). We report on a patient with DOA + manifesting as bilateral optic atrophy, spastic paraparesis, urinary incontinence and white matter changes in the central nervous system associated with a novel heterozygous splice variant NM_015560.2(OPA1):c.2356-1 G > T. Further characterisation, which was performed using fibroblasts obtained from a skin biopsy, demonstrated that this variant altered mRNA splicing of the OPA1 transcript, specifically a 21 base pair deletion at the start of exon 24, NM_015560.2(OPA1):p.Cys786_Lys792del. The majority of variant transcripts were shown to escape nonsense-mediated decay and modelling of the predicted protein structure suggests that the in-frame 7 amino acid deletion may affect OPA1 oligomerisation. Fibroblasts carrying the c.2356-1 G > T variant demonstrated impaired mitochondrial bioenergetics, membrane potential, increased cell death, and disrupted and fragmented mitochondrial networks in comparison to WT cells. This study suggests that the c.2356-1 G > T OPA1 splice site variant leads to a cryptic splice site activation and may manifest in a dominant-negative manner, which could account for the patient's severe syndromic phenotype.
Article, /631/208/1516, /692/699/375/364, /631/208/1792, /631/378/2613, /45/23, /45/77, /45/91, /82/51, /82/80, /38/77, article
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41431-022-01102-0
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/338880