Mimicking hypomethylation of FUS requires liquid-liquid phase separation to induce synaptic dysfunctions.

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Authors
Kim, Seung Chan 
Mitchell, Scott J 
Qamar, Seema 
Whitcomb, Daniel J 
Ruepp, Marc-David 
Abstract

The hypomethylation of fused in sarcoma (FUS) in frontotemporal lobar degeneration promotes the formation of irreversible condensates of FUS. However, the mechanisms by which these hypomethylated FUS condensates cause neuronal dysfunction are unknown. Here we report that expression of FUS constructs mimicking hypomethylated FUS causes aberrant dendritic FUS condensates in CA1 neurons. These hypomethylated FUS condensates exhibit spontaneous, and activity induced movement within the dendrite. They impair excitatory synaptic transmission, postsynaptic density-95 expression, and dendritic spine plasticity. These neurophysiological defects are dependent upon both the dendritic localisation of the condensates, and their ability to undergo liquid-liquid phase separation. These results indicate that the irreversible liquid-liquid phase separation is a key component of hypomethylated FUS pathophysiology in sporadic FTLD, and this can cause synapse dysfunction in sporadic FTLD.

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Acknowledgements: S.C.K., S.J.M, M-D R. and K.C. were funded by the UK Dementia Research Institute which receives its funding from DRI LTD, funded by the UK Medical Research Council, Alzheimer’s Society and Alzheimer’s Research UK. Wellcome Trust Collaborative Award 203249/Z/16/Z to P.StGH and K.C. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (406915 Foundation Grant and Canadian Consortium on Neurodegeneration in Aging Grant), US Alzheimer Society Zenith Grant ZEN-18-529769, Alzheimer Society of Ontario Chair in Alzheimer’s Disease Research; National Institute of Aging (U01AG072572; R01AG070864 to P.StGH.

Keywords
Humans, Phase Separation, RNA-Binding Protein FUS, Frontotemporal Dementia, Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration, DNA Methylation
Journal Title
Acta Neuropathol Commun
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
2051-5960
2051-5960
Volume Title
11
Publisher
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Sponsorship
UK Dementia Research Institute (UK-DRI@KCL)
Wellcome Trust (203249/Z/16/Z)
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (406915)