Probing the Gravitational Dependence of the Fine-Structure Constant from Observations of White Dwarf Stars


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Authors
Bainbridge, M 
Barstow, M 
Reindl, N 
Tchang-Brillet, W-Ü 
Ayres, T 
Abstract

Hot white dwarf stars are the ideal probe for a relationship between the fine-structure constant and strong gravitational fields, providing us with an opportunity for a direct observational test. We study a sample of hot white dwarf stars, combining far-UV spectroscopic observations, atomic physics, atmospheric modelling, and fundamental physics in the search for variation in the fine structure constant. This variation manifests as shifts in the observed wavelengths of absorption lines, such as quadruply ionized iron (FeV) and quadruply ionized nickel (NiV), when compared to laboratory wavelengths. Berengut et al. (Phys. Rev. Lett. 2013, 111, 010801) demonstrated the validity of such an analysis using high-resolution Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) spectra of G191-B2B. We have made three important improvements by: (a) using three new independent sets of laboratory wavelengths; (b) analysing a sample of objects; and (c) improving the methodology by incorporating robust techniques from previous studies towards quasars (the Many Multiplet method). A successful detection would be the first direct measurement of a gravitational field effect on a bare constant of nature. Here we describe our approach and present preliminary results from nine objects using both FeV and NiV.

Description
Keywords
varying constants, varying alpha, hot white dwarf stars, absorption spectra analysis
Journal Title
Universe
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
2218-1997
2218-1997
Volume Title
3
Publisher
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Sponsorship
This project is funded by a Leverhulme Trust Research Grant. WULTB wishes to acknowledge support from the LABEX Plas@par managed by the French ANR (ANR-11-IDEX-0004-02). J.D. Barrow is supported by the STFC of the UK.