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NOTCH1 mediates a switch between two distinct secretomes during senescence

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Ito, Y 
Kang, T-W 


Senescence, a persistent form of cell-cycle arrest, is often associated with a diverse secretome, which provides complex functionality for senescent cells within the tissue microenvironment. We show that oncogene-induced senescence is accompanied by a dynamic fluctuation of NOTCH1 activity, which drives a TGF-β-rich secretome, while suppressing the senescence-associated pro-inflammatory secretome through inhibition of C/EBPβ. NOTCH1 and NOTCH1-driven TGF-β contribute to 'lateral induction of senescence' through a juxtacrine NOTCH-JAG1 pathway. In addition, NOTCH1 inhibition during senescence facilitates upregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines, promoting lymphocyte recruitment and senescence surveillance in vivo. As enforced activation of NOTCH1 signalling confers a near mutually exclusive secretory profile compared with typical senescence, our data collectively indicate that the dynamic alteration of NOTCH1 activity during senescence dictates a functional balance between these two distinct secretomes: one representing TGF-β and the other pro-inflammatory cytokines, highlighting that NOTCH1 is a temporospatial controller of secretome composition.



animals, cell aging, cell cycle checkpoints, cell line, tumor, humans, mice, transgenic, receptor, notch1, transforming growth factor beta

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Nature Cell Biology

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Nature Publishing Group
Cancer Research UK (19924)
Cancer Research UK (CB4210)
Cancer Research UK (C14303_do not transfer)
Wellcome Trust (101835/Z/13/Z)
Wellcome Trust (093964/Z/10/Z)
WELLCOME TRUST (108070/Z/15/Z)
Cancer Research UK (19159)
Cancer Research UK (CRUK-A19924)
This work was supported by the University of Cambridge, Cancer Research UK and Hutchison Whampoa. The M.N. laboratory is supported by Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute Core Grant (C14303/A17197). M.H. was supported by CRUK Translational Medicine Research Fellowship and CRUK Clinician Scientist Fellowship (C52489/A19924). This work was also supported by a Wellcome Trust PRF (WT101835) to P.J.L., a Wellcome Trust Senior Fellowship to M.P.W. (108070/Z/15/Z), a Wellcome Trust Training Fellowship to N.J.M. (093964/Z/10/Z), and a Wellcome Trust Intermediate Fellowship (097162/Z/11/Z) to S.S. L.Z. was funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG; grants FOR2314 and SFB685), the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Program, the European Research Council (projects ‘CholangioConcept’), the German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) (eMed-Multiscale HCC), the German Universities Excellence Initiative (third funding line: ‘future concept’), the German Center for Translational Cancer Research (DKTK) and the German–Israeli Cooperation in Cancer Research (DKFZ–MOST).