Bottom-up growth of n-type monolayer molecular crystals on polymeric substrate for optoelectronic device applications.


Type
Article
Change log
Authors
Shi, Yanjun 
Jiang, Lang 
Liu, Jie 
Tu, Zeyi 
Hu, Yuanyuan 
Abstract

Self-assembly of monolayers of functional molecules on dielectric surfaces is a promising approach for the development of molecular devices proposed in the 1970s. Substrate chemically bonded self-assembled monolayers of semiconducting conjugated molecules exhibit low mobility. And self-assembled monolayer molecular crystals are difficult to scale up and limited to growth on substrates terminated by hydroxyl groups, which makes it difficult to realize sophisticated device functions, particularly for those relying on n-type electron transport, as electrons suffer severe charge trapping on hydroxyl terminated surfaces. Here we report a gravity-assisted, two-dimensional spatial confinement method for bottom-up growth of high-quality n-type single-crystalline monolayers over large, centimeter-sized areas. We demonstrate that by this method, n-type monolayer molecular crystals with high field-effect mobility of 1.24 cm2 V-1 s-1 and band-like transport characteristics can be grown on hydroxyl-free polymer surface. Furthermore, we used these monolayer molecular crystals to realize high-performance crystalline, gate-/light-tunable lateral organic p-n diodes.

Description
Keywords
0306 Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural), 0303 Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry
Journal Title
Nat Commun
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
2041-1723
2041-1723
Volume Title
9
Publisher
Springer Science and Business Media LLC