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Measuring-up in timber: A critical perspective on mid-and high-rise timber building design

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Fleming, P 
Smith, S 


jats:pArchitects, engineers and researchers alike often cite practical reasons for building with wood. Since the development of curved glulam beams and columns over a century ago, the widespread use of massive structural timber elements has allowed architects and engineers to design and build in wood with unprecedented speed and scale. Moreover, rising concerns of climate change and the carbon-dioxide emissions associated with construction encourage the use of wood as a viable alternative to steel and concrete, due to COjats:sub2</jats:sub> sequestration in trees.</jats:p>jats:pIn mid- and high-rise buildings, the current shift from steel and concrete towards massive structural timber elements like glulam, laminated-veneer lumber (LVL) and cross-laminated timber (CLT) is evident in a number of recently completed timber buildings in Europe, ranging from seven to nine storeys. Several speculative design proposals have also been made for ‘timber towers’ of thirty, fortytwo and even sixty-five storeys, recognising that designing with massive structural timber elements in high-rise buildings is still in its infancy. This paper offers a new perspective on building with wood at this scale, beyond carbon sequestrationand construction.</jats:p>



33 Built Environment and Design, 3301 Architecture, 3302 Building, 15 Life on Land, 13 Climate Action, 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities

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Architectural Research Quarterly

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Cambridge University Press (CUP)