Spatial Covariance of Cholinergic Muscarinic M1 /M4 Receptors in Parkinson's Disease.

No Thumbnail Available
Change log
Colloby, Sean J 
Nathan, Pradeep J 
Bakker, Geor 
Lawson, Rachael A 
Yarnall, Alison J 

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with cholinergic dysfunction, although the role of M1 and M4 receptors remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate spatial covariance patterns of cholinergic muscarinic M1 /M4 receptors in PD and their relationship with cognition and motor symptoms. METHODS: Some 19 PD and 24 older adult controls underwent 123 I-iodo-quinuclidinyl-benzilate (QNB) (M1 /M4 receptor) and 99m Tc-exametazime (perfusion) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scanning. We implemented voxel principal components analysis, producing a series of images representing patterns of intercorrelated voxels across individuals. Linear regression analyses derived specific M1 /M4 spatial covariance patterns associated with PD. RESULTS: A cholinergic M1 /M4 pattern that converged onto key hubs of the default, auditory-visual, salience, and sensorimotor networks fully discriminated PD patients from controls (F1,41  = 135.4, P < 0.001). In PD, we derived M1 /M4 patterns that correlated with global cognition (r = -0.62, P = 0.008) and motor severity (r = 0.53, P = 0.02). Both patterns emerged with a shared topography implicating the basal forebrain as well as visual, frontal executive, and salience circuits. Further, we found a M1 /M4 pattern that predicted global cognitive decline (r = 0.46, P = 0.04) comprising relative decreased binding within default and frontal executive networks. CONCLUSIONS: Cholinergic muscarinic M1 /M4 modulation within key brain networks were apparent in PD. Cognition and motor severity were associated with a similar topography, inferring both phenotypes possibly rely on related cholinergic mechanisms. Relative decreased M1 /M4 binding within default and frontal executive networks could be an indicator of future cognitive decline. © 2021 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

Parkinson's disease, SPECT, cholinergic M1/M4 receptors, muscarinic receptors, networks, spatial covariance, Aged, Brain, Cholinergic Agents, Cognitive Dysfunction, Humans, Parkinson Disease, Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
Journal Title
Mov Disord
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
All rights reserved