Shedding light on AT1G29480 of Arabidopsis thaliana-An enigmatic locus restricted to Brassicacean genomes.

Change log
Billakurthi, Kumari 
Schulz, Eva Lena Marie 
Sage, Tammy L 

A key feature of C4 Kranz anatomy is the presence of an enlarged, photosynthetically highly active bundle sheath whose cells contain large numbers of chloroplasts. With the aim to identify novel candidate regulators of C4 bundle sheath development, we performed an activation tagging screen with Arabidopsis thaliana. The reporter gene used encoded a chloroplast-targeted GFP protein preferentially expressed in the bundle sheath, and the promoter of the C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase gene from Flaveria trinervia served as activation tag because of its activity in all chlorenchymatous tissues of A. thaliana. Primary mutants were selected based on their GFP signal intensity, and one stable mutant named kb-1 with a significant increase in GFP fluorescence intensity was obtained. Despite the increased GFP signal, kb-1 showed no alterations to bundle sheath anatomy. The causal locus, AT1G29480, is specific to the Brassicaceae with its second exon being conserved. Overexpression and reconstitution studies confirmed that AT1G29480, and specifically its second exon, were sufficient for the enhanced GFP phenotype, which was not dependent on translation of the locus or its parts into protein. We conclude, therefore, that the AT1G29480 locus enhances the GFP reporter gene activity via an RNA-based mechanism.

Journal Title
Plant Direct
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Wiley Open Access