Combining dark energy survey science verification data with near-infrared data from the ESO VISTA hemisphere survey

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Jouvel, S 
Lin, H 
McMahon, RG 
Lahav, O 

We present the combination of optical data from the Science Verification phase of the Dark Energy Survey (DES) with near infrared data from the ESO VISTA Hemisphere Survey (VHS). The deep optical detections from DES are used to extract fluxes and associated errors from the shallower VHS data. Joint 7-band (grizYJK) photometric catalogues are produced in a single 3 sq-deg DECam field centred at 02h26m$-$04d36m where the availability of ancillary multi-wavelength photometry and spectroscopy allows us to test the data quality. Dual photometry increases the number of DES galaxies with measured VHS fluxes by a factor of $\sim$4.5 relative to a simple catalogue level matching and results in a $\sim$1.5 mag increase in the 80% completeness limit of the NIR data. Almost 70% of DES sources have useful NIR flux measurements in this initial catalogue. Photometric redshifts are estimated for a subset of galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts and initial results, although currently limited by small number statistics, indicate that the VHS data can help reduce the photometric redshift scatter at both z<0.5 and z>1. We present example DES+VHS colour selection criteria for high redshift Luminous Red Galaxies (LRGs) at z∼0.7 as well as luminous quasars. Using spectroscopic observations in this field we show that the additional VHS fluxes enable a cleaner selection of both populations with $<$10% contamination from galactic stars in the case of spectroscopically confirmed quasars and <0.5% contamination from galactic stars in the case of spectroscopically confirmed LRGs. The combined DES+VHS dataset, which will eventually cover almost 5000 sq-deg, will therefore enable a range of new science and be ideally suited for target selection for future wide-field spectroscopic surveys.

catalogues, surveys, galaxies: distances and redshifts, galaxies: photometry, quasars: general
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Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
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Oxford University Press (OUP)
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/J002933/1)
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/J00541X/1)
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/K000128/1)
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/K000985/1)
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/L005034/1)
We thank the referee, Nicholas Cross, for a very useful report on this manuscript. MB acknowledges a postdoctoral fellowship via OL’s Advanced European Research Council Grant (TESTDE). Funding for the DES Projects has been provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Education of Spain, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign, the Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos, Fundac¸ ˜ao Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo `a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cient´ıfico e Tecnol ´ogico and the Minist´erio da Ciˆencia e Tecnologia, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Collaborating Institutions in the Dark Energy Survey. The Collaborating Institutions are Argonne National Laboratories, the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of Cambridge, Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid, the University of Chicago, University College London, the DES-Brazil Consortium, the Eidgen¨ossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Z¨urich, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the University of Edinburgh, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Institut de Ciencies de l’Espai (IEEC/CSIC), the Institut de Fisica d’Altes Energies, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the Ludwig-Maximilians Universit ¨at and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, the University of Michigan, the National Optical Astronomy Observatory, the University of Nottingham, The Ohio State University, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Laboratory, Stanford University, the University of Sussex, and Texas A&M University. The DES participants from Spanish institutions are partially supported by MINECO under grants AYA2009-13936, AYA2012- 39559, AYA2012-39620, and FPA2012-39684, which include FEDER funds from the European Union. We are grateful for the extraordinary contributions of our CTIO colleagues and the DES Camera, Commissioning and Science Verification teams in achieving the excellent instrument and telescope conditions that have made this work possible. The success of this project also relies critically on the expertise and dedication of the DES Data Management organisation. The analysis presented here is based on observations obtained as part of the VISTA Hemisphere Survey, ESO Progam, 179.A- 2010 (PI: McMahon) and data products from observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programme ID 179.A-2006 (PI: Jarvis). Data for the OzDES spectroscopic survey were obtained with the Anglo-Australian Telescope (program numbers 12B/11 and 13B/12). Parts of this research were conducted by the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), through project number CE110001020. TMD acknowledges the support of the Australian Research Council through Future Fellowship, FT100100595.