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Catalyst composition and impurity-dependent kinetics of nanowire heteroepitaxy.



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Gamalski, Andrew D 
Perea, Daniel E 
Yoo, Jinkyoung 
Li, Nan 
Olszta, Matthew J 


The mechanisms and kinetics of axial Ge-Si nanowire heteroepitaxial growth based on the tailoring of the Au catalyst composition via Ga alloying are studied by environmental transmission electron microscopy combined with systematic ex situ CVD calibrations. The morphology of the Ge-Si heterojunction, in particular, the extent of a local, asymmetric increase in nanowire diameter, is found to depend on the Ga composition of the catalyst, on the TMGa precursor exposure temperature, and on the presence of dopants. To rationalize the findings, a general nucleation-based model for nanowire heteroepitaxy is established which is anticipated to be relevant to a wide range of material systems and device-enabling heterostructures.



nanowire, Ge-Si heteroepitaxy, nucleation barrier, environmental transmission electron microscopy, AuGa catalyst alloy, dopants

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ACS Nano

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American Chemical Society (ACS)
European Research Council (279342)
S.H. acknowledges funding from ERC grant InsituNANO (No. 279342). A.D.G. acknowledges funding from the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission and the National Science Foundation. C.D. acknowledges funding from the Royal Society. A portion of the research was also performed using EMSL, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL is operated by Battelle for the U.S. DOE under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830. We gratefully acknowledge the use of facilities within the LeRoy Eyring Center for Solid State Science at Arizona State University. This work was performed in part at CINT, a U.S. DOE, Office of Science User Facility. The research was funded in part by the Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program at LANL, an affirmative action equal opportunity employer operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC, for the National Nuclear Security Administration of the U.S. DOE under Contract DE-AC52-06NA25396.