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Application of TraDIS to define the core essential genome of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli.

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Stoakes, Emily 
Turner, Keith 
Baker, Dave J 
Suau Sans, Maria 
Yasir, Muhammad 


Campylobacter species are the major cause of bacterial gastroenteritis. As there is no effective vaccine, combined with the rapid increase in antimicrobial resistant strains, there is a need to identify new targets for intervention. Essential genes are those that are necessary for growth and/or survival, making these attractive targets. In this study, comprehensive transposon mutant libraries were created in six C. jejuni strains, four C. coli strains and one C. lari and C. hyointestinalis strain, allowing for those genes that cannot tolerate a transposon insertion being called as essential. Comparison of essential gene lists using core genome analysis can highlight those genes which are common across multiple strains and/or species. Comparison of C. jejuni and C. coli, the two species that cause the most disease, identified 316 essential genes. Genes of interest highlighted members of the purine pathway being essential for C. jejuni whilst also finding that a functional potassium uptake system is essential. Protein-protein interaction networks using these essential gene lists also highlighted proteins in the purine pathway being major 'hub' proteins which have a large number of interactors across the network. When adding in two more species (C. lari and C. hyointestinalis) the essential gene list reduces to 261. Within these 261 essential genes, there are many genes that have been found to be essential in other bacteria. These include htrB and PEB4, which have previously been found as core virulence genes across Campylobacter species in other studies. There were 21 genes which have no known function with eight of these being associated with the membrane. These surface-associated essential genes may provide attractive targets. The essential gene lists presented will help to prioritise targets for the development of novel therapeutic and preventative interventions.



Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter spp, Essential genes, TraDIS, Transposon mutagenesis, Humans, Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter, Campylobacter Infections

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BMC Microbiol

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BioMed Central
BBSRC (via Quadram Institute Bioscience) (BB/R012504/1)