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Assessment of the Temporal and Seasonal Variabilities in Air Pollution and Implications for Physical Activity in Lagos and Yaoundé

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Popoola, Olalekan AM  ORCID logo
Alani, Rose 
Tchouaffi, Awah K 


jats:pPhysical activity (PA) can reduce the risk of non-communicable diseases like heart diseases and diabetes. However, exposure to poor air quality (AQ) when engaging in PA could negate the health benefits. The risk associated with air pollution is relatively severe during physical activities because a higher inhaled pollution dose is experienced during PA compared to when sedentary. We conducted a yearlong AQ monitoring using a commercial low-cost AQ device. The devices were deployed near a public space used for PA as part of a study to understand the health risks encountered by people informally appropriating public spaces for PA in Lagos, Nigeria and Yaoundé, Cameroon. The parameters monitored included CO, NO, NO2, O3, PM2.5, PM10, CO2, pressure, temperature and relative humidity. We detected unique pollutant temporal profiles at the two locations, with a distinct weekday-to-weekend effect observed for the gaseous pollutants but not for the PM. Transboundary emissions related to the Harmattan haze dominated the background PM concentration in both cities in the dry season. Our findings underscore the importance of long-term AQ monitoring to inform action and offer insights into simple behavioural changes that can maximise the health benefits of PA while minimising the risk of air pollution exposure.</jats:p>



37 Earth Sciences, 3701 Atmospheric Sciences, 3702 Climate Change Science, Climate-Related Exposures and Conditions, Cardiovascular, Prevention, Cardiovascular, Metabolic and endocrine, 3 Good Health and Well Being, 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities

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National Institute for Health and Care Research (16/137/34)