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Structural Determinants of the Dictyostatin Chemotype for Tubulin Binding Affinity and Antitumor Activity Against Taxane- and Epothilone-Resistant Cancer Cells

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Trigili, C 
Barasoain, I 
Sánchez-Murcia, PA 
Bargsten, K 
Redondo-Horcajo, M 


A combined biochemical, structural, and cell biology characterization of dictyostatin is described, which enables an improved understanding of the structural determinants responsible for the high-affinity binding of this anticancer agent to the taxane site in microtubules (MTs). The study reveals that this macrolide is highly optimized for MT binding and that only a few of the structural modifications featured in a library of synthetic analogues resulted in small gains in binding affinity. The high efficiency of the dictyostatin chemotype in overcoming various kinds of clinically relevant resistance mechanisms highlights its potential for therapeutic development for the treatment of drug-resistant tumors. A structural explanation is advanced to account for the synergy observed between dictyostatin and taxanes on the basis of their differential effects on the MT lattice. The X-ray crystal structure of a tubulin−dictyostatin complex and additional molecular modeling have allowed the rationalization of the structure−activity relationships for a set of synthetic dictyostatin analogues, including the highly active hybrid 12 with discodermolide. Altogether, the work reported here is anticipated to facilitate the improved design and synthesis of more efficacious dictyostatin analogues and hybrids with other MT-stabilizing agents.



0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biomedical, Basic Science, Cancer, Cancer, 5.1 Pharmaceuticals

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We thank Peter T. Northcote for peloruside A, W.-S. Fang for Flutax-2, K. H. Altmann for epothilone D, Dr. Paraskevi Giannakakou (Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York) for the 1A9, PTX10, PTX22, and A8 cell lines, and Prof. Richard Ludueñ a (University of Texas) for the HeLa βIII-transfected cells. We thank Matadero INCOVA (Segovia) for the calf brains for tubulin purification. This work was supported in part by grants BIO2013-42984-R (J.F.D.) and SAF2012-39760-C02-02 (F.G.) from Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad, grant S2010/ ́ BMD-2457 BIPEDD2 from Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid ́ (F.G. and J.F.D.), and the Swiss National Science Foundation grants 310030B_138659 and 31003A_166608 (M.O.S.). The authors acknowledge networking contribution by the COST Action CM1407 “Challenging organic syntheses inspired by naturefrom natural products chemistry to drug discovery” and the COST action CM1470. I.P. thanks the EPSRC and AstraZeneca for funding, Dr. John Leonard (AstraZeneca) for useful discussions, Dr. Stuart Mickel (Novartis) for the provision of chemicals, and the EPSRC UK National Mass Spectrometry Facility at Swansea University for mass spectra.