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Women Neuroscientist Disciples of Pío del Río-Hortega: the Cajal School Spreads in Europe and South America.

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Nombela, Cristina 
Fernández-Egea, Emilio 
Giné, Elena 
Worbe, Yulia 
Del Río-Hortega Bereciartu, Juan 


Pio del Rio-Hortega was not only the discoverer of the microglia and oligodendroglia but also possibly the most prolific mentor of all Santiago Ramon y Cajal's disciples (Nobel awardee in Physiology or Medicine 1906 and considered as the father of modern Neuroscience). Among Río-Hortega's mentees, three exceptional women are frequently forgotten, chronologically: Pio's niece Asunción Amo del Río who worked with Río-Hortega at Madrid, Paris, and Oxford; the distinguished British neuropathologist Dorothy Russell who also worked with Don Pío at Oxford; and Amanda Pellegrino de Iraldi, the last mentee in his career. Our present work analyzes the figures of these three women who were in contact and collaborated with Don Pío del Río-Hortega, describing the influences received and the impact on their careers and the History of Neuroscience. The present work completes the contribution of women neuroscientists who worked with Cajal and his main disciples of the Spanish Neurological School both in Spain (previous work) and in other countries (present work).



Amanda Pellegrino de Iraldi, Dorothy Russell, Spanish Neurological School, female neuroscientists, history of neuroscience, microglia, oligodendrocyte, pioneer female scientists

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Front Neuroanat

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Frontiers Media SA