Cerebrovascular Reactivity Is Not Associated With Therapeutic Intensity in Adult Traumatic Brain Injury: A Validation Study.
Within traumatic brain injury (TBI) care, there is growing interest in pathophysiological markers as surrogates of disease severity, which may be used to improve and individualize care. Of these, assessment of cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) has been extensively studied given that it is a consistent, independent factor associated with mortality and functional outcome. However, to date, the literature supports little-to-no impact of current guideline-supported therapeutic interventions on continuously measured CVR. Previous work in this area has suffered from a lack of validation studies, given the rarity of time-matched high-frequency cerebral physiology with serially recorded therapeutic interventions; thus, we undertook a validation study. Utilizing the Winnipeg Acute TBI database, we evaluated the association between daily treatment intensity levels, as measured through the therapeutic intensity level (TIL) scoring system, and continuous multi-modal-derived CVR measures. CVR measures included the intracranial pressure (ICP)-derived pressure reactivity index, pulse amplitude index, and RAC index (a correlation between the pulse amplitude of ICP and cerebral perfusion pressure), as well as the cerebral autoregulation measure of near-infrared spectroscopy-based cerebral oximetry index. These measures were also derived over a key threshold for each day and were compared to the daily total TIL measure. In summary, we could not observe any overall relationship between TIL and these CVR measures. This validates previous findings and represents only the second such analysis to date. This helps to confirm that CVR appears to remain independent of current therapeutic interventions and is a potential unique physiological target for critical care. Further work into the high-frequency relationship between critical care and CVR is required.