Exocometary gas in the HD 181327 debris ring

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Matrà, L 
Stark, C 
Wyatt, MC 
Casassus, S 

An increasing number of observations have shown that gaseous debris discs are not an exception. However, until now, we only knew of cases around A stars. Here we present the first detection of 12CO (2-1) disc emission around an F star, HD 181327, obtained with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations at 1.3 mm. The continuum and CO emission are resolved into an axisymmetric disc with ring-like morphology. Using a Markov chain Monte Carlo method coupled with radiative transfer calculations, we study the dust and CO mass distribution. We find the dust is distributed in a ring with a radius of 86.0 ± 0.4 au and a radial width of 23.2 ± 1.0 au. At this frequency, the ring radius is smaller than in the optical, revealing grain size segregation expected due to radiation pressure. We also report on the detection of low-level continuum emission beyond the main ring out to ~200 au. We model the CO emission in the non-local thermodynamic equilibrium regime and we find that the CO is co-located with the dust, with a total CO gas mass ranging between 1.2 × 10-6 M⊕ and 2.9 × 10-6 M⊕, depending on the gas kinetic temperature and collisional partners densities. The CO densities and location suggest a secondary origin, i.e. released from icy planetesimals in the ring. We derive a CO+CO2 cometary composition that is consistent with Solar system comets. Due to the low gas densities, it is unlikely that the gas is shaping the dust distribution.

circumstellar matter, stars: individual: HD 181327, planetary systems, radio continuum: planetary systems
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Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
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Oxford University Press
Royal Society (UF140298)
European Research Council (279973)
STFC (1369677)
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/N000927/1)
ALMA is a partnership of ESO (representing its member states), NSF (USA) and NINS (Japan), together with NRC (Canada) and NSC and ASIAA (Taiwan) and KASI (Republic of Korea), in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. The Joint ALMA Observatory is operated by ESO, AUI/NRAO and NAOJ. This work was supported by the European Union through ERC grant number 279973. SM, SC, SP acknowledge financial support from Millennium Nucleus RC130007 (Chilean Ministry of Economy), and additionally by FONDECYT grants 1130949 and 3140601. GMK is supported by the Royal Society as a Royal Society University Research Fellow.