The JCMT BISTRO Survey: Revealing the Diverse Magnetic Field Morphologies in Taurus Dense Cores with Sensitive Submillimeter Polarimetry

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Abstract: We have obtained sensitive dust continuum polarization observations at 850 μm in the B213 region of Taurus using POL-2 on SCUBA-2 at the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope as part of the B-fields in STar-forming Region Observations (BISTRO) survey. These observations allow us to probe magnetic field (B-field) at high spatial resolution (∼2000 au or ∼0.01 pc at 140 pc) in two protostellar cores (K04166 and K04169) and one prestellar core (Miz-8b) that lie within the B213 filament. Using the Davis–Chandrasekhar–Fermi method, we estimate the B-field strengths in K04166, K04169, and Miz-8b to be 38 ± 14, 44 ± 16, and 12 ± 5 μG, respectively. These cores show distinct mean B-field orientations. The B-field in K04166 is well ordered and aligned parallel to the orientations of the core minor axis, outflows, core rotation axis, and large-scale uniform B-field, in accordance with magnetically regulated star formation via ambipolar diffusion taking place in K04166. The B-field in K04169 is found to be ordered but oriented nearly perpendicular to the core minor axis and large-scale B-field and not well correlated with other axes. In contrast, Miz-8b exhibits a disordered B-field that shows no preferred alignment with the core minor axis or large-scale field. We found that only one core, K04166, retains a memory of the large-scale uniform B-field. The other two cores, K04169 and Miz-8b, are decoupled from the large-scale field. Such a complex B-field configuration could be caused by gas inflow onto the filament, even in the presence of a substantial magnetic flux.

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The Astrophysical Journal Letters
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The American Astronomical Society
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (11988101)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (11725313)
International Partnership Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (114A11KYSB20160008)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (U1931117)
Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (NRF-2019R1A2C1010851)
Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) grant MOST (109-2112-M-001-051, 108-2112-M-001-004-MY2)
NAOJ Fellowship and JSPS KAKENHI grants (18K13586 and 20K14527)
NSF grant (AST-1715876)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (U1731237)
Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED) grant (103.99-2019.368)
Women In Science, Engineering and Technology (WISET) grants (WISET-2019-288, WISET-2020-247)