Repository logo

Experimental Investigation of Reinforced Concrete T-Beams Strengthened in Shear with Externally Bonded CFRP Sheets

Accepted version



Change log


Foster, RM 
Brindley, M 
Lees, JM 
Ibell, TJ 
Morley, CT 


An experimental investigation was undertaken into the effectiveness of unanchored and anchored externally bonded (EB) U-wrapped carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) shear strengthening for reinforced concrete T-beams at a range of realistic sizes. The T-beam sizes, geometry and reinforcement were chosen to reflect existing slab-on-beam structures with low levels of transverse steel shear reinforcement. Geometrically similar reinforced concrete T-beams were tested across three sizes ranging from 360 to 720 mm in depth and with different amounts of EB CFRP shear reinforcement. The beams were subjected to three-point bending with a span to depth ratio of 3.5. All the beams failed in diagonal shear. The experimental results indicate significant variability in the capacity of unstrengthened control beams, and a number of these control beams showed greater shear capacity than their EB CFRP strengthened counterparts. Greater thicknesses of CFRP reinforcement did not lead to increased shear capacity compared with lesser thicknesses of unanchored or anchored EB CFRP, but anchored EB CFRP did lead to moderate increases in shear capacity compared to both control and unanchored EB CFRP strengthened beams.



Reinforced concrete T-beam, Shear strengthening, Externally bonded carbon fiber-reinforced polymer fabric, Size effect

Journal Title

Journal of Composites for Construction

Conference Name

Journal ISSN


Volume Title


American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/I018972/1)
The authors gratefully acknowledge the help of the laboratory staff of University of Bath and University of Cambridge. The authors would also like to acknowledge the financial support of: the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (under grants EPSRC EP/I018921/1 and EP/I018972/1); the Universities of Bath and Cambridge; and the project partners and sponsors – Parsons Brinckerhoff, Tony Gee and Partners LLP, Arup, Highways England, Concrete Repairs Ltd, LG Mouchel and Partners, The Concrete Society, Fyfe Europe S.A., Fibrwrap UK, Hughes Brothers and Ebor Concrete Ltd.
Is supplemented by: