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Processing and Properties of Bar-Shaped Single-Seeded and Multi-Seeded YBCO Bulk Superconductors by a Top-Seeded Melt Growth Technique

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Almalki, A 
Namburi, DK 
Ba-Abbad, M 
Dennis, AR 
Huang, KY 


© 2016 The Author(s)The fabrication of (RE)-Ba-Cu-O bulk superconductors, where RE is a rare-earth element such as Y, Gd and Sm, is both time consuming and expensive due to the complexity of the melt process and the slow growth rate of large, single grains. In this study, different approaches to the fabrication of bar-shaped, bulk YBCO superconductors are investigated and compared using single- and multiple-seeding techniques via top-seeded melt growth (TSMG). Both the microstructural and superconducting properties of the bulk samples are investigated, including trapped field, critical current density, critical temperature and levitation force. The results of this study indicate that, in general, the superconducting properties of YBCO fabricated by a single-seeded process are significantly better than those of samples fabricated by a four-seeded process for non-bridge seeds. The differences between the samples are less pronounced in the levitation force measurements, however. In this paper, we attempt to explain the reasons for the similarities and differences observed between bulk samples fabricated by the different single- and multi-seeded processes.



YBCO, Bulk superconductors, Multi-seeding, Current density, Levitation force, Trapped field

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Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

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King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) (unknown)
King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) (unknown)
This work was supported by the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST).
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