Ion-Pair-Directed Borylation of Aromatic Phosphonium Salts.
Control of positional selectivity in C-H activation reactions remains a challenge for synthetic chemists. Noncovalent catalysis has the potential to be a powerful strategy to address this challenge. As a part of our ongoing investigations into the use of ion-pairing interactions in site-selective catalysis, we demonstrate that several classes of aromatic phosphonium salts undergo iridium-catalyzed C-H borylation with a high selectivity for the arene meta position. This is achieved using a bifunctional bipyridine ligand bearing a pendant sulfonate group, which had previously been successful for borylation of aromatic ammonium salts. In this case, the phosphonium salts give a higher meta selectivity than the corresponding ammonium salts. We propose that the high selectivity occurs due to an attractive electrostatic interaction between the substrate and the ligand in the transition state for borylation.
The Royal Society (uf130004)
European Research Council (757381)