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Cotranslational folding of spectrin domains via partially structured states.

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Nilsson, OB 
Nickson, AA 
Hollins, JJ 
Wickles, S 
Steward, A 


How do the key features of protein folding, elucidated from studies on native, isolated proteins, manifest in cotranslational folding on the ribosome? Using a well-characterized family of homologous α-helical proteins with a range of biophysical properties, we show that spectrin domains can fold vectorially on the ribosome and may do so via a pathway different from that of the isolated domain. We use cryo-EM to reveal a folded or partially folded structure, formed in the vestibule of the ribosome. Our results reveal that it is not possible to predict which domains will fold within the ribosome on the basis of the folding behavior of isolated domains; instead, we propose that a complex balance of the rate of folding, the rate of translation and the lifetime of folded or partly folded states will determine whether folding occurs cotranslationally on actively translating ribosomes.



electron mircroscopy, molecular biophysics

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Nature Structural and Molecular Biology

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Nature Publishing Group
Wellcome Trust (095195/Z/10/Z)
Supported by grants from the Swedish Cancer Foundation, the Swedish Research Council and the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation (to G.v.H.); the Wellcome Trust (WT095195 to J.C.) and the European Research Council (ERC-2008-AdG 232648, to R.B.). J.C. is a Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellow.