Identity and dynamics of mammary stem cells during branching morphogenesis
van Oudenaarden, A
van Rheenen, J
Nature Publishing Group
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Scheele, C., Hannezo, E., Muraro, M., Zomer, A., Langedijk, N., van Oudenaarden, A., Simons, B., & et al. (2017). Identity and dynamics of mammary stem cells during branching morphogenesis. Nature, 542 313-317. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature21046
During puberty, the mouse mammary gland develops into a highly branched epithelial network. Owing to the absence of exclusive stem cell markers, the location, multiplicity, dynamics and fate of mammary stem cells (MaSCs), which drive branching morphogenesis, are unknown. Here we show that morphogenesis is driven by proliferative terminal end buds that terminate or bifurcate with near equal probability, in a stochastic and time-invariant manner, leading to a heterogeneous epithelial network. We show that the majority of terminal end bud cells function as highly proliferative, lineage-committed MaSCs that are heterogeneous in their expression profile and short-term contribution to ductal extension. Yet, through cell rearrangements during terminal end bud bifurcation, each MaSC is able to contribute actively to long-term growth. Our study shows that the behaviour of MaSCs is not directly linked to a single expression profile. Instead, morphogenesis relies upon lineage-restricted heterogeneous MaSC populations that function as single equipotent pools in the long term.
This work was supported by an ERC consolidator grant (648804); research grants from the Dutch Organization of Scientific Research (NWO; 823.02.017), the Dutch Cancer Society (KWF; HUBR 2009 -4621), the Association for International Cancer Research (AICR; 13- 0297) (all J.v.R) ,the Wellcome Trust (grant number 098357/Z/12/Z; BDS and 110326/Z/15/Z; EH ) and equipment grants (175.010.2007.00 and 834.11.002) from the Dutch Organization of Scientific Research (NWO). EH is funded by a Junior Research Fellowship from Trinity College, Cambridge University, a Sir Henry Wellcome Fellowship from the Wellcome Trust and acknowledges the Bettencourt-Schueller Young Researcher Prize for support. CLGJS is funded by a Boehringer Ingelheim Fonds PhD Fellowship.
WELLCOME TRUST (098357/Z/12/Z)
WELLCOME TRUST (110326/Z/15/Z)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nature21046
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/262811