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Photon recycling in lead iodide perovskite solar cells.

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Pazos-Outón, Luis M 
Szumilo, Monika 
Richter, Johannes M 
Crespo-Quesada, Micaela 


Lead-halide perovskites have emerged as high-performance photovoltaic materials. We mapped the propagation of photogenerated luminescence and charges from a local photoexcitation spot in thin films of lead tri-iodide perovskites. We observed light emission at distances of ≥50 micrometers and found that the peak of the internal photon spectrum red-shifts from 765 to ≥800 nanometers. We used a lateral-contact solar cell with selective electron- and hole-collecting contacts and observed that charge extraction for photoexcitation >50 micrometers away from the contacts arose from repeated recycling between photons and electron-hole pairs. Thus, energy transport is not limited by diffusive charge transport but can occur over long distances through multiple absorption-diffusion-emission events. This process creates high excitation densities within the perovskite layer and allows high open-circuit voltages.



photon recycling, lead-halide perovskites, long-range energy transfer, back-contact solar cell

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American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/M005143/1)
EPSRC (1353070)
The authors acknowledge financial support from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council of the UK (EPSRC) and King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST). L.M.P.O. and H.J.B. also thank the Nano doctoral training center (NanoDTC) for financial support. M.S., M.V. and J.M.R. thank the Winton programme for the physics of sustainability. M.C.Q would like to thank the Marie Curie Actions (FP7-PEOPLE-IEF2013) for funding. M.A.J. thanks Nyak Technology Ltd for PhD scholarship and B.E. acknowledges the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM), which is part of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO). F.D. acknowledges funding through a Herchel Smith Research Fellowship. We acknowledge Prof. Henning Sirringhaus, Prof. Neil Greenham, Prof. Ullrich Steiner, Dr. Erwin Reisner and Prof. Richard Phillips for providing support and access to their facilities.