Repository logo

Pareto optimal metabolic engineering for the growth-coupled overproduction of sustainable chemicals.

Published version

Change log


Our research aims to help industrial biotechnology develop a sustainable economy using green technology based on microorganisms and synthetic biology through two case studies that improve metabolic capacity in yeast models Yarrowia lipolytica (Y. lipolytica) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae). We aim to increase the production capacity of beta-carotene (β-carotene) and succinic acid, which are among the highest market demands due to their versatile use in numerous consumer products. We performed simulations to identify in silico ranking of strains based on multiple objectives: the growth rate of yeast microorganisms, the number of used chromosomes, and the production capability of β-carotene (for Y. lipolytica) and succinate (for S. cerevisiae). Our multiobjective optimization methodology identified notable gene deletions by searching a vast solution space to highlight near-optimal strains on Pareto Fronts, balancing the above-cited three objectives. Moreover, preserving the metabolic constraints and the essential genes, this study produced robust results: seven significant strains of Y. lipolytica and seven strains of S. cerevisiae. We examined gene knockout to study the function of genes and pathways. In fact, by studying the frequently silenced genes, we found that when the GPH1 gene is knocked out in S. cerevisiae, the isocitrate lyase enzyme is activated, which converts the isocitrate into succinate. Our goals are to simplify and facilitate the in vitro processes. Hence, we present strains with the least possible number of knockout genes and solutions in which the genes are turned off on the same chromosome. Therefore, we present results where the constraints mentioned above are met, like the strains where only two genes are switched off and other strains where half of the knockout genes are on the same chromosome. This study offers solutions for developing an efficient in vitro mutagenesis for microorganisms and demonstrates the efficiency of multiobjective optimization in automatizing metabolic engineering processes.



Pareto optimal metabolic engineering, S. cerevisiae, Y. lipolytica, genome-scale metabolic models, succinate production, β-carotene production, Metabolic Engineering, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Succinic Acid, Yarrowia, beta Carotene

Journal Title

Biotechnol Bioeng

Conference Name

Journal ISSN


Volume Title